Only eat oysters in months with an ‘r’? Rule of thumb is at least 4,000 years old

Photo by © 2010 Alberto Donda

Foodie tradition dictates only eating wild oysters in months with the letter “r” – from September to April – to avoid watery shellfish, or worse, a nasty bout of food poisoning. Now, a new study suggests people have been following this practice for at least 4,000 years.

An analysis of a large shell ring off Georgia’s coast revealed that the ancient inhabitants of St. Catherines Island limited their oyster harvest to the non-summer months. How can scientists know when islanders were collecting oysters? By measuring parasitic snails.

Snails known as impressed odostomes, Boonea impressa, are common parasites of oysters, latching onto a shell and inserting a stylus to slurp the soft insides. Because the snail has a predictable 12-month life cycle, its length at death offers a reliable estimate of when the oyster host died, allowing Florida Museum of Natural History researchers Nicole Cannarozzi and Michal Kowalewski to use it as a tiny seasonal clock for when people collected and ate oysters in the past.

Stowaways on discarded oyster shells, the snails offer new insights into an old question about the shell rings that dot the coasts of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Mississippi. Cannarozzi and Kowalewski, Thompson Chair of Invertebrate Paleontology, analyzed oysters and snails from a 230-foot-wide, 4,300-year-old shell ring on St. Catherines Island and compared them with live oysters and snails. They found that island inhabitants were primarily harvesting oysters during late fall, winter and spring, which also suggested the presence of people on the island tapered off during the summer.

The seasonality of the shell ring may be one of the earliest records of sustainable harvesting, Cannarozzi said. Oysters in the Southeast spawn from May to October, and avoiding oyster collection in the summer may help replenish their numbers.

The seasonality of oyster deposits in the St. Catherines shell ring may be one of the earliest records of sustainable harvesting, said Nicole Cannarozzi, the study’s lead author and Florida Museum environmental archaeology collection manager. Credit: Kristen Grace/Florida Museum

“It’s important to look at how oysters have lived in their environment over time, especially because they are on the decline worldwide,” she said. “This type of data can give us good information about their ecology, how other organisms interact with them, the health of oyster populations and, on a grander scale, the health of coastal ecosystems.”

Cannarozzi and Kowalewski emphasized the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in addressing longstanding research questions in new ways. Their project combined paleontology, the study of fossils and other biological remains, with archaeology, which emphasizes human history. Cannarozzi’s specialization—environmental archaeology—also explores the close connections between humans and their natural resources.

“People have affected the distributions, life cycles and numbers of organisms over time,” Cannarozzi said. “Understanding how people in the past interacted with and influenced their environment can inform our conservation efforts today.”

The researchers published their findings in PLOS ONE.

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International Forum #ClimeFish2020

International event that is organized by ClimeFish Project – a part of the H2020 Program – and is hosted by FAO will take place in Rome 25-26 February 2020. Download preliminary program.

It will be a great opportunity to know a showcase of ClimeFish research outputs, as well as tools and instruments for adapting to climate change. By fostering interaction and dialogue among scientists, policy makers and industry, ClimeFish will provide a forum for discussing the challenges that fisheries and aquaculture face today, and will face in the future. The forum will address possible solutions and remaining knowledge gaps.

Registration is open. Location: FAO, Iraq room, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Roma, Italy. Date: 25-26 February 2020

Source: © ClimeFish Project. Read an original article.

Finance and Innovation for the #BlueEconomy

Less than a month left to #SUSTAINABLEOCEANSUMMIT (SOS) by World Ocean Council (WOC) at Paris, 20-22 November, the annual gathering of the global Ocean Business Community dedicated to advancing private sector action on responsible use of the seas. With the theme of “Investing in Ocean Futures: Finance and Innovation for the #BlueEconomy”, the #SOS2019 will be the foremost international business conference dedicated to investment and innovation for ocean sustainable development.

Since 2010, the SOS has been bringing together leaders from the diverse Ocean Business Community – shipping, fisheries, oil and gas, aquaculture, offshore renewables, tourism, seabed mining, marine technology, law, insurance, finance, etc. – as well as ocean stakeholders from the government, inter-governmental, science and environment communities – to focus on industry-driven action on “Corporate Ocean Responsibility”.

Read the Conference Program

Source: © World Ocean Council – Visit website